On your visit in PS.SPEICHER, you will discover exciting stories, essential background information and key facts from the 130-year history of motorised transport. Here we provide a brief preview of the 300 vehicles (including two-, three- and four-wheelers) in our permanent exhibition.
Hildebrand & Wolfmüller
The Hildebrand & Wolfmu?ller was the first two-wheeled motorised vehicle to be designated a ‘Motorrad’ (= motorcycle) in German. It also broke new ground in terms of series production and the use of pneumatic tyres. The drive principle, with power
being directly transferred to the rear wheel by the connecting rod, is reminiscent of steam engines and locomotives. Its unreliability and susceptibility to fire impeded the market success of the Hildebrand & Wolfmu?ller.
Victoria KR I
During the First World War, Victoria supplied large quantities of bicycles to the military. In 1919, the company turned to motorcycle manufacture. The Victoria KR I took the British Douglas motorbike as a design model. Good workmanship and the high-quality BMW engine rapidly established Victoria in the highly competitive motorcycle market.
Triumph B 254
Triumph also had to develop its own solutions for loop scavenging in order to build competitive two-stroke engines without breaching DKW’s patent rights. The first machine with Triumph’s own cross-flow loop scavenging was the 1936 B 200 which became the B 254 in 1938 with the change in driving licence regulations.
Glas Goggo 200
The first German ‘Reiseroller’ (touring scooter) – and therefore the first of this new class of two-wheeler – was the Glas Goggo built by the Isaria agricultural machinery
factory in Dingolfing (Bavaria). With its electric starter motor and powerful 200 cc ILO engine, the Glas Goggo was suitable for long-distance touring.
MZ Skorpion Sport
In 1992, a concept bike by British designers Seymour and Powell had attracted public attention. When it eventually appeared as the series production MZ Skorpion Sport in 1994, it turned out to be slightly less spectacular. The respectable Yamaha singlecylinder had to compete in a sporting environment and was slightly overweight at more than 170 kilos.
Avid cyclist Carl Benz adopted chassis components and production technology from the bicycle industry for his patented motor car. He recognised that the middle-class buying public aspired to a horseless carriage rather than a self-propelled tricycle. The first car from Benz & Cie. was the Benz Victoria built in the style of an aristocratic coach and with axle pivot steering. This exhibit is in its unrestored original condition, which makes it unique in the world.
Opel P 4
Not very exciting to look at but with proven technology and efficient manufacturing technology, Opel produced the most popular German car on the market of the 1930s. The middle classes especially bought the reliable and affordable Opel P 4. Blue-collar workers were still unable to afford a car at this time.
IFA F 9
The East German IFA F 9 also goes back to the pre-war DKW F 9. Production of the car was transferred from Zwickau to the former BMW factory in Eisenach in 1953. The car shown here was privately built in 1956 – a year after the end of series production – using new and used parts.
Borgward Isabella Cabrio
With its dignified Isabella mid-range sedan, Borgward occupied the market niche that BMW would later claim as its own. The eventual demise of the Bremen-based manufacturer left Isabella owners distraught after a lifetime of loyalty to this relic of the German Economic Miracle. A younger generation of fans came along in the 70s and began to build a network that kept the memory of the Borgward Isabella alive.
Inventor Norbert Stevenson was commissioned by Elektromaschinenbau Fulda GmbH to design a three-wheeler which was then named the Fuldamobil. The first versions had a wooden body covered with imitation leather, though this was soon replaced by hand-beaten alloy. In 1956, the Fuldamobil was given a polyester body.